Konventionel medicin for HĂ¸feber, StĂ¸v & Pet Allergier
It is of course possible to use conventional medicine for hay fever and many people find that it provides a good solution for them. Several different groups of medicine have been developed for treating allergies. The common ones are
- antihistamine tablets and capsules – kan lindre de fleste høfebersymptomer - nysen, klĂ¸ende, runny eyes, skin irritation, kløende næse og hals - men mindre effektiv til nasal overbelastning
- antihistamine nasal sprays – can quickly ease itching, sneezing and watering but generally only proof against mild symptoms
- steroid nasal sprays and drops – reduce inflammation in the nose; fungerer bedst for at rydde nasale symptomer - kløe, nysen, watering & overbelastning - og sprays til tider klare øjensymptomer også
- eye drops – may reduce itchy, watering, opsvulmede Ă¸jne.
Other, slightly less common forms of conventional medicine for hay fever include nasal washes og immunotherapy behandling. More detail about all of these groups can be found below.
You can take tablets, sprays and drops individually or in combination to help combat the symptoms of your allergy, depending on which symptoms you suffer from and how severe they are. And, just as with other drugs, there are many different brands of each type of hay fever medicine, så du skal ikke give op, hvis den første, du forsøger ikke virker for dig; you may well find another version that works better.
Some of the treatments, for example the antihistamine Telfast and the immunotherapy drug Grazax, are only available on prescription, whilst you can buy others over the counter in a pharmacy – and of course online.
Antihistamine Tablets for Hay fever
Under normal circumstances, your body produces histamines to help keep you alert, opmĂ¦rksomme og vĂĄgen. So far so good. But hay fever (and other allergy) syge, unfortunately, respond to the presence of allergens (the substances to which you are allergic) by over-producing histamines. Det er fordi deres kroppe fejlagtigt identificere allergenet som en trussel. Too much histamine in the body produces those symptoms all too familiar to hay fever sufferers the world over: nysen, hoste, klĂ¸ende, runny eyes, scratchy throat, kløe i dine ører ... og alt det andet.
Antihistamines work by stopping the histamines from binding to certain cells in your body called receptors, thereby reducing your allergic reaction. SelvfĂ¸lgelig, stoppe histaminer fra arbejde kan også reducere hjernens evne til at holde sig vågen, alert and attentive, making it clear why antihistamines can cause drowsiness. To address this problem, new, ikke-dĂ¸sig ("anden- og tredje generation”) antihistaminer er blevet udviklet og mange mennesker finder de fungerer godt - men se afsnittet om side effects below.
Antihistamines specifically formulated for hay fever are widely available in pharmacies and online (klik her for one website) and there are plenty to choose from. They are usually in tablet form, and many need only be taken as symptoms occur. Dog, some are best taken at least one month before the hay fever season starts.
Some people find that the particular antihistamine they have chosen or been prescribed stops working after a while, or never worked particularly well in the first place. If this has been your experience, giv ikke op: der er så mange forskellige dem til rådighed, det er værd at prøve alternativer, indtil du finder den bedste for dig. A very small selection of the more commonly available hay fever antihistamines are listed here alongside their trade name/s.
|acrivastin||Benadryl Allergy Relief|
|cetirizin||Zirtec & Zyrtec|
|fexofenadine||Allegra, Fexidine, Telfast|
|loratadine||Clarityn, Boots One a Day Allergy Relief|
Side effects of hay fever medication
Generelt, any side effects from taking conventional hay fever medication are minor. Dog, the following side effects have been reported: allergic reactions, dĂ¸sighed, dizziness, dry mouth, nausea and vomiting, restlessness or moodiness (in some children). Although most antihistamines are now formulated to be non-drowsy, some people still find they experience drowsiness even when taking second- or third-generation drugs, and they have been shown to have a negative impact on exam performance and on driving. Severe and/or troublesome side effects should be taken seriously and in any case, if you experience allergic reactions, stop taking the medication immediately and seek medical help. In the case of drowsiness, you are of course advised not to drive or operate machinery. People taking antihistamines are advised to avoid alcohol as it may increase the chance of drowsiness. In all cases, hvis du er bekymret, consult your GP or a pharmacist.
Nasal Sprays for Hay fever
Nasal sprays can be extremely effective in controlling congestion and stuffiness as well as other symptoms of hay fever because the medicine is targeted directly to the nose, og det er her det store flertal af allergener indtaste din krop. An additional benefit of this is that very little of the active ingredients get any further than the nose, reducing considerably the chance of experiencing side effects.
Antihistamine sprays work by blocking the effect of histamine inside your nose, thereby reducing your allergic reaction.
Steroid nasal sprays work by fighting inflammation and mucus production, reducing the allergic reaction of your nasal tissues to the inhaled allergen. Very few side effects are associated with steroid nasal sprays.
Both types of spray need several days to build up to their maximum protective effect. Some makers advise that you start using them one month before your hay fever season begins. They depend on being applied properly, så det er en god idé at læse brugsanvisningen, før du begynder. Basically, you insert the spray into each nostril in turn, holding the other closed, and breathe in normally as you spray. Det er vigtigt ikke at sniffe hårdt, da dette kan levere sprayen forbi næsen til halsen. Some sprays leave an unpleasant taste for a short time in the back of the mouth or throat.
As with other hay fever medicines, there are many versions available. Common trade names include Beconase Hayfever, Boots Allergy Barrier Nasal Spray, Pirinase Hayfever (formerly Flixonase) and Prevalin. Follow this link for online buying options
Eye Drops for Hay fever
Eye drops work in one of three ways to reduce your allergic reaction to pollen. Some stop the histamine release, some are anti-inflammatory and others block the inflammation caused by histamine. Eye drops can sting momentarily when applied, but if this is the case for you, do persevere because they can bring relief to itchy eyes and help stop watery or streaming eyes. They can be difficult to use at first, partly because you need to get the drop into your eye without letting the dropper touch your eye, men de fleste mennesker får hænge af det, og alle dråber kommer med udførlige anvisninger, som du rådes til at læse, før du starter.
Common eye drops are Sodium cromoglicate (Optrex/Opticrom), Otrivine (Antistin), Azelastine (Optivar/Optilast) and Nedocromil (Rapitil) samt flere ”eget mærke” mærker. The usual dose is one drop in each eye up to four times a day once your allergy symptoms begin, and they may take effect immediately, although some take 3 eller 4 days to build up to their maximum protective effect. As with all medicines, always use as directed.
Nasal washes work by flushing out excess mucus and irritants from the nasal passage and acting as a barrier against new irritants. Using one may help to reduce the severity of your allergy symptoms.
Du kan finde dem under varemærkerne Alkalol, Ayr, Nasopure and Neilmed among others, and several saline (salt) washes are available too.
Immunotherapy works by identifying which tree, grass or weed pollen, dust mite or pet dander causes you to have an allergic reaction. Gradually increasing doses of the offending allergen are then introduced into your body over an extended period of time. If successful, this is the closest thing to a complete cure for allergy. For NHS treatment, you will need to be referred by your GP who will usually do so only if all other hay fever treatments have been tried first and your reaction remains extreme. It is possible to be treated privately; details of private allergy clinics can be found online (for eksempel her).
Seeing your GP
There may be no need to visit your GP at all – hay fever is particularly easy to self-diagnose and many treatment options are available in pharmacies, supermarkets and online. Men hvis dine symptomer ikke forbedres, make an appointment to see your GP, som vil være i stand til at ordinere medicin, som du ikke kan købe i håndkøb. He or she will also be able to advise about combining treatments, for eksempel, taking tablets as well as eye drops.
Må ikke være genert om at gå tilbage til din læge, hvis du føler en bestemt medicin fungerer ikke, as there are several alternatives. Between you, you should be able to find the antihistamine, eye drops and/or nasal sprays that work for you.
If your symptoms are very severe you can ask to see a consultant at an allergy clinic, held at several hospitals throughout the UK (see Immunotherapy section above). This will almost certainly involve a wait on the NHS – ask your GP to be put on the waiting list – and some clinics (for eksempel, klik her) will also see you privately.
You may want to try HayMax alongside your other hay fever medicine or medicines as it could reduce the amount of medication you need. We have testimonials from many grateful customers saying that using HayMax has meant they have been able to reduce or even stop using their hay fever medicines.
Always check with your GP or pharmacist before mixing and matching medicines, and before taking medicines alongside other hay fever, dust and pet treatments.